It does not seem pleasant to receive “an enema in which they used antimony, sacred bitters, rock salt, mallow leaves, violet, beet root, chamomile flowers, seeds. of fennel, flax seeds, cinnamon, cardamom seeds, saffron, cochineal and aloe. “But according to the BBC, this is exactly how 17th-century King Charles II of Great Britain and Ireland was treated for an illness – among dozens of other healing attempts.
Most sources currently agree that Charles II died of a stroke, in which a blood vessel in the brain becomes blocked or ruptured, although some believe his death was caused by apoplexy, a condition of unconsciousness induced by stroke or hemorrhage. The treatment of stroke has come a long way since this unfortunate king reigned, at a time near the end of the Renaissance known as the Restoration period. But during the time of Charles II’s reign, it seems the strategy was to throw a whole bunch of drugs at the wall to see what was left.
The BBC uses the description of the monarch’s doctor himself, Sir Charles Scarburgh, to paint a picture of his last night alive, one in which he has been endlessly pushed and pushed. “The” remedies “… certainly precipitated his death” from a slight stroke, notes the BBC. “When Charles II of England died of a seizure that had attacked him while shaving, the doctors of that day left no effort to help him get to the Great Afterlife.”
They started with a bloodletting, taking up to a pint of the king. History.com notes that blood was drawn from his arm and neck, although it also says he suffered a seizure rather than a stroke. More blood was then drawn from his shoulder.
From there, according to the BBC, he was given repeated substances to make him vomit, more than an enema, sneezing powder and various drinks including substances like barley water, licorice. , wormwood and mint. Pigeon dung was applied to his feet, his scalp was shaved and a blister was lifted on it, and he was given various extracts of animals, plants and flowers. Among the most notable extracts given to him were forty drops containing a human skull.
âAlas, after an unfortunate night, His Serene Majesty was so exhausted that all the doctors became discouraged,â the BBC wrote. “And so, more active cordials, and finally Pearl Julep [a heart tonic] and ammonia, were forced down the throat of the royal patient. Then he died.
If Charles II had suffered a mild stroke in today’s world, he would not have undergone such a myriad of medical treatments. It is not known whether the monarch died from a stroke related to a clot in one of the vessels in its brain, called an ischemic stroke, or from a ruptured vessel, known as a stroke. hemorrhagic cerebrovascular disease, but the American Stroke Association lists treatments for both conditions. In the first case, patients may be given a tissue plasminogen activator, a protein that can be injected through an IV line that dissolves the clot and restores blood flow. Doctors can also use a catheter, passing it from the groin to the brain, which will grab the clot, which they can then remove from the body.
If a blood vessel in the brain ruptures, spilling blood onto brain tissue, doctors can use a method similar to this catheter procedure, except that instead of removing a clot, the goal would be to deposit “an agent. mechanical, such as a coil, to avoid breaking, âsays the association. There is also a surgical treatment in which doctors would place a metal clip over the problem site to “secure” it.
The earlier a stroke is detected, the better it can be treated, and the same would have been true of Charles II, if these technologies had existed in his time.